AUTHORMedawar, Jean / Pyke, David
TITLEHitler's Gift: The True Story of the Scientists Expelled by the Nazi Regime
PUBLISHERArcade Publishing, Inc.
CITYNew York, NY

This book focuses on the exodus of German and Austrian scientists, mostly Jewish, prior to World War II. The exodus damaged German science and greatly benefited the Allies during and after the war. The group included biologists, mathematicians, chemists, and many physicists who worked on the Manhattan Project. Among the important contributors to atomic and nuclear physics were Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, Lise Meitner, James Franck, Otto Frisch, Rudolf Peierls, Francis Simon, Leo Szilard, Edward Teller, and Eugene Wigner. The authors provide brief, personal stories of the scientists' escapes from the Third Reich and their subsequent contributions to science. The first chapter gives a view of German science in the early part of the twentieth century prior to Hitler. Another chapter is devoted to those scientists including Max Planck and Werner Heisenberg, who remained in Germany during the war. Much of the material comes from interviews with the surviving refugee scientists. The first author of the book, Jean Medawar, is the widow of Sir Peter Medawar, winner of the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

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