AUTHORNational Research Council (United States)
TITLELessons Learned from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident for Improving Safety of U.S. Nuclear Plants
PUBLISHERThe National Academies Press
CITYWashington, D.C.
DATE PUBLISHED2014
ISBN978-0-309-27253-7
Web Access
Available online from National Academies Press   (registration required)


This 367-page report indicates that engineers at U.S. nuclear plants have been much better at addressing the accidents caused by problems within the plants than those caused by events outside the plants. The study, ordered by Congress, recommends that the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the American nuclear industry focus on the main sources of risks: accidents due to beyond-design-basis events, such as natural disasters; multiple human or equipment failures; and violations of operational protocols. The major sections of the report offer background information on Japanese and U.S. nuclear plants, an assessment of the impact of the tsunami and earthquake on Japan’s nuclear plants, and a detailed description of the Fukushima Daiichi accident. Three chapters address lessons learned in the areas of plant operations and safety regulations, offsite emergency management, and the nuclear safety cultures of Japan and the U.S.


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