AUTHORWolk, Herman S.
TITLECataclysm: General Hap Arnold and the Defeat of Japan
PUBLISHERUniversity of North Texas Press
CITYDenton, Texas

This work examines the leadership of General Henry "Hap" Arnold during World War II in the strategic bombing campaign that contributed to Japan’s surrender in 1945. It describes how Arnold pushed the development of the B-29 bomber, organized the Twentieth Air Force, and went on to direct the unprecedented and effective B-29 bombing missions against Japan. The author shows that Arnold never thought strategic bombing alone could end the war. However, he felt that it could be used in conjunction with a naval blockade to defeat Japan without the need for invasion or nuclear weapons. A chapter describes Arnold’s participation in the discussions with U.S. Secretary of War Henry Stimson, General George Marshall and other leaders at Potsdam about how and when to use the atomic bombs. Arnold is also credited with laying the foundation for the creation of the Air Force as an independent military service.

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