AUTHORHargittai, István
TITLEBuried Glory: Portraits of Soviet Scientists
PUBLISHEROxford University Press
CITYOxford, England

This work contains condensed biographies of fourteen twentieth century Russian physicists and chemists emphasizing the unique challenges of conducting science under the Soviet regime. While their scientific achievements are well documented, little has been written about the scientists' personal lives. Their stories are presented within the context of two periods of terror under Joseph Stalin: the pre-World War II period in the 1930s and the post-war years from 1948 to 1953. In the first period, no branch of science was immune from persecution, while in the second, physics was exempt due to its role in the creation of nuclear weapons. Of particular interest are chapters on physicists Andrei Sakharov, considered the father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, and Yulii Khariton, who directed the principal Soviet nuclear weapons laboratory for 46 years. Also featured are Igor Tamm, Yakov Zeldovich and Petr Kapitza, whose scientific careers intersected the Soviet nuclear weapons effort to lesser degrees. Historical photographs complement the text.

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