AUTHORAcheson, Ray
TITLEAssuring Destruction Forever: Nuclear Modernization Around the World
PUBLISHERReaching Critical Will of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom
CITYNew York, NY
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Available online from Reaching Critical Will of the Women’s Internationa

This study explores the nuclear weapons modernization programs of China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States mainly to emphasize the lack of will on the part of such countries to move toward disarmament, despite their obligation to do so under Article VI of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Separate chapters written by non-government researchers and analysts provide information on the current (2011) state of the nuclear arsenal of each nation. Each chapter contains data on delivery systems, tactical weapons, fissile materials, modernization efforts, adherence to international law, economics, and public discourse. Three additional thematic chapters address the political will to prevent modernization of those weapons and achieve disarmament, the application of international law to modernization, and the feasibility of divestment campaigns as a means to challenge the financing of nuclear weapons companies. Reaching Critical Will is a project of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, which was founded in 1915 and is the oldest women’s peace organization in the world. The goal of the study is to inform the public and policy makers and to assist in preparing for the next review cycle of the NPT.

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