AUTHORGrunden, Walter E. / Walker, Mark / Yamazaki, Masakatsu
TITLEWartime Nuclear Weapons Research in Germany and Japan
PERIODICAL TITLEOSIRIS
DATE PUBLISHED2005
VOLUME NUMBER20
ISSUE NUMBER1
PAGE NUMBERS107-130
ISSN0369-7827
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This interesting article compares the efforts of scientists in Germany and Japan to develop an atomic bomb during World War II, discussing the performance and motivations of scientists in both countries as well as the nature and extent of governmental support in each case. The article examines nuclear science of the prewar period, wartime nuclear weapons projects, and postwar legacies of the work in both countries. In Germany the scientists approached the government about developing nuclear weapons, while in Japan the military contacted the scientists. Although the programs in both countries suffered from decentralization, the authors explain that the German effort was much larger in scale and involved industry as well as academic laboratories. They also note the lack of criticism of Japanese nuclear scientists after the war in contrast to the attitudes concerning the participation of German scientists in nuclear programs.


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