CREATORNuclear Waste Technical Review Board
TITLESurvey of National Programs for Managing High-Level Radioactive Waste and Spent Nuclear Fuel
DATE ACCESSED16 September 2017

This report to the U.S. Congress and the Secretary of Energy surveys the nuclear waste programs in 13 countries, which together account for 83 percent of global nuclear power-generating capacity. It uses 30 technical and organizational attributes to characterize the programs of each nation discussed. The goal of the report is to provide useful information to the Secretary and Congress as they consider options for managing high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel in the United States. While all of the 13 countries are committed to the long-term management of their radioactive wastes, only three (Finland, France, and Sweden) are close to implementing the technical and political solutions necessary to the development of deep geological repositories. Information contained in extensive tables compares current (May 2009) practices, geological investigations, status of site selection, and environmental requirements for safe disposal. The earliest projected operation of a repository is 2020. Created by amendments to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1987, the Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board is an independent federal agency that both advises Congress and the Secretary of Energy on technical issues related to nuclear waste management and evaluates the validity of the Department of Energy’s (DOE) waste management programs.

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