CREATORWaltham, Chris
TITLEAn Early History of Heavy Water
URLhttp://arxiv.org/pdf/physics/0206076v2.pdf
HOMEPAGEhttp://arxiv.org/
DATE PUBLISHEDOctober 2011
DATE ACCESSED13 September 2017


This website contains a brief but interesting history of the discovery and initial production of heavy water (deuterium oxide) during World War II. The narrative covers events leading to Harold Urey's discovery of heavy water in 1935, its large scale production at the Norsk Hydro plant in Norway, and its role in nuclear research in France, Germany, Canada, and the Soviet Union during World War II. The account of the unsuccessful German attempt to use heavy water and unenriched uranium to develop an atomic bomb is of particular interest. An appendix contains technical descriptions of the methods used to produce heavy water, neutron-induced fission, and the role of moderators in nuclear reactions.



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