AUTHORSchneider, Mycle
TITLEFast Breeder Reactors in France
PERIODICAL TITLEScience and Global Security
DATE PUBLISHED2009
VOLUME NUMBER17
ISSUE NUMBER1
PAGE NUMBERS36-53
ISSN0892-9882
Web Access
Available online from Taylor and Francis   (fee or subscription required)


This article chronicles the history of the French fast breeder reactor program from the first experimental reactor, Rapsodie, in 1962 to the closure of the Phénix in 2009. The French effort to produce and separate plutonium began shortly after World War II and resulted in the country’s operating commercial sodium-cooled fast breeder reactors fueled with plutonium. The author details the technical, economic, political, and social problems that led to the closing of all three fast breeder reactors in the country, including the closure of the Superphénix, the largest of the three, in 2008. Graphs depict operational history, electricity generation, and costs associated with the reactors, and a list of notes and references is included. The article provides insights into the issues that surround the construction and operation of fast breeder reactors.


Find in a Library with

creative commons - some rights reserved
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons License.