CREATORAlvarez, Robert
TITLERadioactive Wastes and the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership
DATE ACCESSED29 August 2017

This 2007 report is a concise analysis of the impacts of reprocessing U.S. spent nuclear fuel. It focuses on the critical waste disposal component of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), a program to expand the worldwide use of nuclear energy through a closed nuclear fuel cycle. GNEP proposes to reduce the amount of high-level radioactive waste for geological disposal and convert fissionable materials into safer isotopes. The report challenges the DOE plan on chemical, geological, and environmental grounds. It provides details of the UREX+ (Uranium Extraction) process, a key feature of the program, and questions its feasibility. It also delineates cost uncertainties and radiation protection problems associated with the plan. Major sections include a comparison of the open and closed nuclear fuel cycles, waste disposal problems, defense high-level wastes, storage and reprocessing, radioactive wastes from reprocessing, and costs. Graphs, tables, and diagrams accompany the text. The report was prepared by the Institute for Policy Studies in collaboration with the Friends of the Earth USA and the Government Accountability Project.

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