AUTHORInternational Institute for Strategic Studies
CHAPTER TITLENorth Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Programme
PAGE NUMBERS27-48
BOOK EDITORInternational Institute for Strategic Studies, Ed.
BOOK TITLENorth Korea’s Nuclear Weapons Programmes: A Net Assessment
PUBLISHERPalgrave Macmillan
CITYNew York, NY
DATE PUBLISHED2004
ISBN1-4039-3324-3
Web Access
Available online from International Institute for Strategic Studies


This chapter discusses four phases in the development of North Korea’s (DPRK) nuclear weapons program in an effort to assess the country’s plutonium production and nuclear weapons capabilities as of 2004. The four phases presented in the assessment are the period of early research and training supported by the Soviet Union from 1959 to 1980, the initiation and operation of a national plutonium production program in the 1980s and 1990s, the period from 1994 to 2002 when North Korea agreed to freeze its program under the terms of the 1994 Agreed Framework, and the period from 2002 forward following the discovery of the country’s secret efforts to pursue significant uranium enrichment capability. The chapter acknowledges the difficulty and uncertainty of making an accurate assessment due to aggressive secrecy and speculation over time. It includes maps, figures, and satellite images depicting major nuclear sites and facilities in North Korea’s nuclear complex.


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