CREATORU.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration
TITLEHighly Enriched Uranium: Striking a Balance – a Historical Report on the United States Highly Enriched Uranium Production, Acquisition, and Utilization Activities From 1945 Through September 30, 1996
DATE ACCESSED24 August 2017

This 2001 U.S. government report details highly enriched uranium (HEU) production, acquisition, and utilization activities in the U.S. from 1945 to 1996. Declassified in 2006, it was released for the purpose of informing the public, aiding the discussion of HEU storage, safety, and security, and encouraging other nations to declassify similar data. For the purpose of the report, HEU is defined as uranium that has been enriched to a uranium-235 isotopic content of 20 percent or more for use in nuclear weapons, naval reactors, and research reactors. The report includes sections on uranium production and utilization, U.S. HEU inventory, historical material balance, acquisitions, and removals. Numerous appendices supplement the text, including the chronology of significant nuclear events, sites discussed in the report, U.S. HEU spent nuclear fuel inventory, and agreements for cooperation with other countries. The report includes historical photographs, charts, maps, a glossary of terms, and an extensive list of references.

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