CREATORUnited States Government Accountability Office
TITLENuclear Nonproliferation: Progress Made in Improving Security at Russian Nuclear Sites, but the Long-Term Sustainability of U.S.-Funded Security Upgrades is Uncertain

This 2007 report evaluates the security of nuclear sites and the effectiveness of U.S.-funded security upgrades in Russia and other countries. The report was prepared by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), which are responsible for overseeing and implementing security upgrades to nuclear sites worldwide. According to the report, the DOE’s criteria for designating a nuclear site as “secured” require only limited Materials Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC&A) upgrades. Consequently, the report finds the DOE’s list of “secured” sites to be inflated and urges the DOE to strengthen the criteria needed for a "secured" designation. With respect to the long-term sustainability of U.S.-funded security upgrades, the report warns that difficulties in acquiring access to certain Russian nuclear sites may hinder oversight of security upgrades. Finally, the report warns that the absence of a cohesive management system to monitor the progress of security upgrades makes it difficult to assess their long-term sustainability. Many charts, diagrams, tables, and appendices enhance the content of the report.

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