AUTHOROleynikov, Pavel V.
TITLEGerman Scientists in the Soviet Atomic Project
PERIODICAL TITLEThe Nonproliferation Review
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Available online from Center for Non-Proliferation Studies

This article relies on declassified Soviet documents and accounts by German scientists who worked in the former Soviet Union in an effort to settle the longstanding debate over the importance of German contributions to the Soviet atomic bomb program. Beginning with a discussion of Soviet efforts to gain knowledge of the German atomic bomb program at the end of World War II, the article descibes the forced recruitment of German scientists and their later contributions as individuals and and teams, paying attention as well to the use of German technologies and raw materials, especially uranium. The article closes with an assessment of the political and historical importance of German participation in the Soviet program, concluding that German involvement facilitated and accelerated the development of nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union by up to five years, thus influencing the global prominence of the Soviet Union, and was particularly important in the development of new uranium enrichment methods that were used elsewhere as well as in the Soviet Union. The author was a group leader at the Institute of Technical Physics in Russia.

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