DIRECTORKaye, Jeffrey
TITLENuclear Proliferation
RUNNING TIME10 minutes

This film provides a concise summary of issues regarding nuclear proliferation, especially in North Korea (DPRK) and Iran. It is a 10-minute segment out of The News Hour with Jim Lehrer as broadcast on 27 May 2005. The story begins with a statement by Mohamed ElBaradei, Director of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at the United Nations on the need to control the nuclear fuel cycle. It then moves to interviews with two experts on nuclear weapons: Paul Robinson, the former director of Sandia National Laboratories, and Charles Loeber, a retired engineer and author of a book entitled Building the Bombs: A History of the Nuclear Weapons Complex. They explain that a nuclear weapon can be made out of either of two materials: (1) highly enriched uranium, which must be produced with a much higher than normal percentage of uranium-235 versus uranium-238, or (2) plutonium-239. The experts go on to explain gas-centrifuge technology, which Iran is using to obtain enriched uranium, and how plutonium-239 can be obtained by reprocessing fuel rods from a special weapons-material nuclear reactor, which North Korea appears to have done in its facility at Yongbyon.

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