AUTHORWang, Jessica
TITLEAmerican Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism and the Cold War
PUBLISHERUniversity of North Carolina Press
CITYChapel Hill, NC

This book describes the experiences of scientists in the United States after World War II, both collectively and individually, with anticommunism, the formation of the Cold War consensus, and the developing relationship between scientists and government. It focuses on the years 1945 though 1950 as critical ones in the peacetime militarization and politicization of science. The author is interested in how military patronage influenced the scientific community, as well as how scientists of diverse political backgrounds and opinions were shaped by and helped shape the Cold War political environment. The author's thesis is that scientists initially attempted to bring about legislation that would help science contribute to a liberal world order by taking the lead in public debate, but that the harsh realities of the Cold War soon put them on the defensive and forced them to use more subtle and private means to influence the future of science. The influences of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) are discussed.

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