AUTHORFig, David
CHAPTER TITLESanctions and the Nuclear Industry
PAGE NUMBERS75-102
BOOK EDITORCrawford, Neta C. / Klotz, Audie, Eds.
BOOK TITLEHow Sanctions Work: Lessons from South Africa
PUBLISHERSt. Martin’s Press
CITYNew York, NY
DATE PUBLISHED1999
ISBN0-312-21856-7


This book chapter concerns the rise of South Africa’s nuclear capabilities following World War II, culminating in the creation of six crude atomic bombs and subsequent dismantling of the nuclear weapons program by F. W. de Klerk in 1993. The chapter refutes South Africa’s assertion that the nuclear weapons program was entirely South African in origin. The author, South African sociologist David Fig, discusses the history of the nuclear program in South Africa, beginning with trade agreements with the British and American Combined Development Agency (CDA), to which South Africa sold uranium supplies from the end of World War II until 1964. Fig describes the cooperation between South Africa and France, West Germany, the United States, Great Britain, and Israel during the stages of the nuclear program. He discusses the decision to develop the atomic bomb in 1974 as a preservative force for the apartheid regime. Further, Fig describes how South Africa’s nuclear power program and covert weapons development were hindered by sanctions put into place by the United Nations because of apartheid.


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