AUTHORFreedman, Lawrence
TITLEThe Evolution of Nuclear Strategy, Third Edition
PUBLISHERPalgrave Publishers Ltd.
CITYNew York, NY

This book, a much revised and expanded third edition, describes the evolution of nuclear strategy from the creation of the first atomic bomb during World War II to the invasion of Iraq by the United States and coalition forces in 2003. It explains the initial transformation of war by nuclear weapons and subsequent changes in the ideas of deterrence, aggressors, defense, and retaliation. Turning to the development of the Cold War as the United States lost its atomic monopoly, the book analyzes concepts of preemptive first strikes, massive retaliation, limited nuclear war, escalation, the impact of Sputnik, and mutually assured destruction. One section of the book treats the views of Western European countries. Another section discusses military industrial complexes, the measurement of superiority and balance in competing powers, and options in case deterrence should fail. The final chapters focus on the end of the Cold War and the second nuclear age. The author concludes that "the major task for the future must be to address the problems of nuclear arsenals in a world of political change" (p. 463). Extensive end notes and bibliography are included. The author, Lawrence Freedman, is Professor of War Studies at King's College, London.

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