CREATORBurr, William
TITLEU.S. Planning for War in Europe, 1963-64
DATE ACCESSED24 February 2017

This website contains six official U.S. government documents written in 1963 and 1964 that deal with a theoretical Soviet attack on the European members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and an ensuing American nuclear response. The documents include a lengthy National Security Council report analyzing the problems, war objectives, and planning requirements of a war with the Soviet Union. Another document, written by a military official, examines whether it would have been possible to fight a limited nuclear war against the Soviet Union that could have been reasonably terminated. The site also contains a memorandum describing a 1964 meeting of U.S. officials in Paris that dealt with the use of nuclear weapons in Europe, and the text of a speech given by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara to NATO on nuclear and conventional deterrence and the need for contingency plans. Another report, by a State Department expert on Soviet matters, argued that a Soviet attack on Europe was “remote” but that if it did happen the U.S. would respond with a nuclear attack. The documents are accompanied by informative commentary. The editor of the website invites comparison of the documents with the 1964 Warsaw Pact war plan. The collection of documents is Briefing Book No. 31 of the National Security Archive, "an independent, non-governmental research institute and library located at George Washington University in Washington, D.C." (home page).

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