CREATORBurr, William / Richelson, Jeffrey T.
TITLEThe United States and the Chinese Nuclear Program, 1960-64
DATE PUBLISHED12 January 2001
DATE ACCESSED24 February 2017

This website contains 22 government documents written between 1960 and 1965 that illustrate the United States government’s assessment of Communist China’s nuclear weapons capabilities of the time. The documents, many of which originated from the Department of State and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, bring to light U.S. intelligence’s attempts to gather information about China’s nuclear program and its early estimates concerning the possibilities of a Chinese nuclear bomb. They illuminate as well the contemplated possible responses of the United States in the face of a Chinese nuclear program, including the consideration by the John F. Kennedy administration of secret military operations against Chinese nuclear facilities. Documents that detail discussions of possible Soviet cooperation with the U.S. over China, U.S. efforts to induce China to agree to a test ban treaty, and the reaction of the Lyndon B. Johnson administration to the first Chinese nuclear test are also included. The documents are accompanied by explanatory comments. The collection of documents is published by the National Security Archive, "an independent, non-governmental research institute and library located at George Washington University in Washington, D.C." (Home Page).

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