AUTHOREtzioni, Amitai
TITLEPre-empting Nuclear Terrorism in a New Global Order
PUBLISHERThe Foreign Policy Center
CITYLondon, England
Web Access
Available online from The Foreign Policy Center

This short report focuses on the danger of nuclear terrorism posed by failed and failing nation states in which governments do not effectively control nuclear weapons and fissile materials. It provides a global view of the problem, rather than focusing only on a few critical nations. The author suggests that Russia and Pakistan are more likely sources of nuclear materials and weapons for terrorists than are North Korea (DPRK) or Iran. He also recommends a strategic shift from controlled maintenance to deproliferation under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). That strategy includes upgrading security at facilities that store nuclear materials and weapons as an immediate, temporary measure; moving fissile materials to safe locations, and reducing highly enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium; preventing international trade and transport of nuclear materials and weapons; compelling all nations that have nuclear weapons to destroy them; and preventing the construction of new facilities that use HEU. The author proposes an international global safety authority, which he believes should be formed by the U.S. and its allies, and which should include not only antiterrorism operations but also deproliferation activities.

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