AUTHORBradley, Don J. / Frank, Clyde W. / Mikerin, Yevgeny
TITLENuclear Contamination from Weapons Complexes in the Former Soviet Union and the United States
PERIODICAL TITLEPhysics Today
DATE PUBLISHED1996
VOLUME NUMBER49
ISSUE NUMBER4 (April)
PAGE NUMBERS40-45
ISSN0031-9228


This article discusses the issue of radioactive waste in Russia and the United States that was produced by the nuclear arms race. One of the main sources for the waste discharges into the environment was from the reprocessing of spent fuel from nuclear reactors to recover plutonium. The article explains that the former Soviet Union released far more waste than the United States did, though the waste release numbers for the United States are understated (too low). The authors highlight the contamination at Mayak, Tomsk-7, and Krasnoyarsk-26, all in the former Soviet Union. They also discuss the pollution due to milling and mining uranium. The article concludes with a discussion of the cooperative efforts by the U.S. and Russia to clean up wastes. Maps are provided of the Soviet and U.S. weapons complexes, and of contiminated reservoirs at Mayak.


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