AUTHORHentschel, Klaus / Hentschel, Ann M., Eds.
TITLEPhysics and National Socialism: An Anthology of Primary Sources
CITYBoston, MA

This comprehensive anthology contains numerous primary documents by a wide range of German physicists commenting on the state of physics under the Nazi system in Germany. The documents, mainly letters and articles, illuminate many of the major controversies, such as so-called “Jewish” versus “Aryan” physics, in Germany at the time. Some of the authors, who represent a large spectrum of opinions, were “Aryan” physicists such as Johannes Stark and Phillip Lenard; some were members of the German government such as Heinrich Himmler and Hermann Göring; some were scientists who worked under the Nazi regime such as Werner Heisenberg and Walther Gerlach. Others, however, chose to leave Germany or refused to work for the Nazis, such as Albert Einstein, Lise Meitner, and Max von Laue. A thorough introduction explains the history of physics under National Socialism, and appendices provide brief biographical profiles, and descriptions of state, military, and Nazi party institutions, major German industrial firms, and significant German periodicals.

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